The research described in this paper comprises element of a more substantial research which include both qualitative and methods that are quantitative comprised circulation of studies evaluating stakeholdersâ€™ knowledge about HIV. Nonetheless, this paper defines just the findings associated with the methods that are qualitative.
a literary works review had been undertaken utilizing OVID, PUBMED and PROQUEST including search phrases â€˜Islam/Islamic/Muslimâ€™, â€˜faithâ€™, â€˜HIV/AIDSâ€™ and â€˜Malaysiaâ€™ with no restrictions because of the limited outcomes yielded. In addition, â€˜grey literatureâ€™ had been acquired through the internet which included seminar proceedings, organisational reports and UN documents and after that a key comprehension of the many stakeholders associated with HIV prevention in Malaysia became obvious.
Individuals through the three stakeholder that is key associated with HIV prevention policy, particularly the Ministry of wellness officials, spiritual leaders and folks managing HIV in the Klang Valley area (Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya), had been recruited from June 2013 to December 2013 after ethical approval had been acquired from UKM health Centre. 35 semi-structured in level interviews had been carried out on individuals through the three major stakeholders identified as playing a job in HIV avoidance policy and strategy; Ministry of wellness officials, spiritual leaders and individuals coping with HIV. The break down of the stakeholders interviewed composed of 11 through the spiritual leader team, five through the Ministry of wellness team, after which it saturation was reached, and 19 regarding the group representing individuals coping with HIV. Individuals had been recruited making use of purposive sampling methods and folks coping with HIV comprised, Males who possess Sex with guys (MSM), Transgender females (TG), Sex Workers (SW) and heterosexual women, recruited through a nearby Malaysian NGO. Within the PLHIV team, were four Transgender females, five Males that have sex with Men and four heterosexual females.
Inclusion requirements necessitated that individuals had been Muslim and over 18 years and individuals had been completely briefed to know the goals associated with the research. Interviews had been carried out because of the exact same person, were face-to-face, audiotaped making use of an electronic digital recorder and carried out utilizing a topic guide, which included participantâ€™s views on HIV, wellness as a whole as well as the need for Islam, because of the procedure producing standardization. Further concerns explored participantsâ€™ knowledge of HIV prevention and policies in Malaysia, along with perceptions of intercourse outside wedding, males that have intercourse with men and condom use. Interviews had been 60 to 90 min in timeframe, informed permission ended up being acquired both verbally as well as in written kind as well as on event in-house interpretation ended up being utilized. Every possibility ended up being built to ensure individuals sensed comfortable, comprehended the goal of the research and also to reassure them of confidentiality. Great care and attention had been built to make sure the interviewer was wearing consistently appropriate attire whenever going to lovoo conferences with any spiritual leaders, this included the covering of mind and limbs in loosely fitting product respecting norms and neighborhood customized. Interviews had been transcribed verbatim by an expert transcription business while records had been taken through the meeting, to report non-verbal interaction. The analysis for the data had been undertaken in an in depth and systematic means; right while the information ended up being collected the recording associated with meeting had been paid attention to once more to know and familiarize the researcher with all the information, usually with extra records being taken. The word document was checked and compared with the audio file recording to ensure the transcription was thorough, correct and had no mistakes after the transcriber had produced a copy of the interview, in verbatim form. Each transcript had been printed and reread at length, on a line by line foundation, after which reread once again this time with annotations and themes that are emerging. A framework analysis was designed which included themes and subthemes after about a third of the full sample of 35 had been read, which comprised all three stakeholders. This framework ended up being utilized to learn and analyse through all of the meeting transcripts from scratch and supplied an approach of categorizing themes. These themes included Islamâ€™s view of life, overall health, understanding of HIV as a whole, intercourse outside wedding and present HIV avoidance techniques in Malaysia, such as for instance condom distribution. In addition, themes such as for instance stakeholder relationships, action you need to take and problems around transgender people that have intercourse with guys had been identified through the analysis.
Through the participant interviews ten main themes were created as a whole, they certainly were the following: View of life and wellness in Islam, Intercourse outside wedding, Understandings of HIV, HIV avoidance in Malaysia, Use of Condoms, Transgender females, Males that have sex with guys, Law and Authority, Stakeholder relationships, and Action to be used.
Moreover, there have been additionally a true number of overriding themes for instance the usage of language within the context of HIV discourses.
View of life and wellness in Islam
The reactions produced through the individuals when you look at the interviews described themes that are various because their views regarding the host to Islam of their life. The individuals considered Islam as a religion that has been all comprehensive, with respect to issues with this globe and also the next, hence wellness ended up being observed in a way that is holistic not merely restricted to your human anatomy, but brain, heart plus the collective wellness regarding the Muslim community in general.